Sunday, March 26, 2017

The Domestic Cat: An Introduction to The Deep Sides of The Mysterious Feline

The cat in general


Cat

The cat is a very affectionate and very sweet feline. Most of the time, the cat sleeps, eats, walks, hunts ... its curiosity is limitless. The cat is a sign to the success of nature. It's a perfect animal in almost everything about it, from the nose to the tail and beyond, all tells how harmonious this creature is! It owes nothing to anyone, gives much and requires little.

Cat sleep

Sleeping cat

To sleep, cats like warm places: the corner of the fire, a sunny windowsill, next to the central heating and the boiler. Wild or domestic, cats spend much of their lives sleeping. A cat sleeps around 16 hours a day. He spends 2/3 of his day sleeping.

The Skeleton, Balance and Claws.

The anatomy of the skeleton of the domestic cat: the skeleton of the cat is more flexible than ours. The vertebrae of the spine are closely interrelated than ours and it has only a clavicle embryo.
 The spatial balance of the cat: cats have a much better sense of balance than humans. The cat uses his tail as a pendulum. For example, if a cat walks on the narrow edge of a wall and decides to take a look, it will automatically swing its tail in the opposite direction and thus avoid falling.
The claws: to cut the claws, hold the cat firmly between your knees; Press the pads with your fingers to release the claws from their cases. The main part contains the pink vein which contains the nerves and which must not be cut. It is the white end of the claw made of dead tissues that should be cut.

Food and feeding

cat food

A well-behaved cat must not be capricious about the food it is offered, even if it is more delicate and refined than many humans with regard to the freshness and cleanliness of food. Do not make the mistake of making it a spoiled and unhealthy child by exclusively feeding it in boxed foods of its favorite brand. To be fit, he needs a varied and balanced diet.

How does the cat's digestive system work?

In the mouth of the cat, the food is cut by the teeth and mixed with saliva. It then passes into the esophagus and from there  into the stomach, which hides the gastric juice. Reduced to porridge, it reaches the duodenum, then the small intestine, added to the bile from the vesicle, digests the food. Once dissolved, the nutrients pass into the blood that carries them to the liver. The waste continues its journey to the large intestine and is dropped by the anus.

The intestine of the cat

The length of the cat's intestine is four times that of its body. Its intestine is shorter than that of omnivores, dog or human, but it is longer than that of other carnivores. Indeed, its initial morphology has undoubtedly been transformed to adapt to the eating habits of man.

Records

The biggest :

The biggest cat
Source: en.wikipedia.org
Himmy was a castrated tabby male belonging to Thomas Vyse, of Cairns, Australia. Himmy weighed 21.3 kg for a total length of 96.5 cm and had a waist circumference of 84 cm when he died on March 12, 1986 at the age of 10 years and 4 months. He was so big that he needed a wheelbarrow to carry it. And another record: the biggest living cat in the world, in February 1998, weighed 16.7 kg, and measured 36 cm at the collar.
Soon after Himmy’s death, Guinness World Records gave away recording the world heaviest pets in an attempt to discourage deliberate overfeeding animals to break records.

The smallest:

The smallest breed of domestic cats is Singapore, also called Singapore Gutter. Adult males weigh an average of 2.7 kg and females 1.8 kg.

Some common cat breeds

Abyssinian

Abyssinian Cat

Abyssinian probably one of the oldest cat breeds. They look like those cats portrayed in Egyptian art. Reddish brown coat with black ticking is one property that put them aside of other breeds. Abyssinians are also known for being extroverted, extremely active, frisky, and intelligent.

American Shorthair


American Shorthair

American shorthair story went back to the time when settlers sailed from Europe to North America, carrying cats on board to protect the stores from mice. For centuries, those “hardworking cats” flourished along with their pioneer owners and eventually established themselves as the native North American shorthaired cat. American shorthair cat breed displays high rewarding functional characteristics as being Athletic, good mice hunter, smart.

Burmese

Descended from one female Wong Mau, which was brought from Burma to America in 1930, hence came the name of the breed. Burmese cats are distinguished for golden and yellow eyes as well as satiny coats.

Cornish Rex


Cornish Rex

Of Cornwall England origin, Cornish Rex cat has a very short furry and incredibly soft coat. Some describe this breed as a doglike. They are very friendly with people, ready to follow them everywhere. They make it easy for owners to take them to the vet or adapt to training or therapy work.

Devon Rex

Originated in Devonshire England, Devon Rex is distinct by large oversized ears on an elfish face with impish eyes. This breed of cats is fun-lovers though they aren’t so active. They are also smart and ready to learn tricks and play fetch. Devon Rex’s coat can be curly to soft suede like.

Exotic

Exotic cat

Exotic cat breed first developed in 1950 as a result of crossing Persian breed with American Shorthair, and later with Burmese and Russian Blue. The ultimate result was a cat that displays the same features and personality as that of the Persians expect for the short plush and easy-care coat. Exotics are quiet, docile and loyal companions.

Maine Coon

They are typical in terms of their intelligence and ability to adapt to training and learning new staff. Maine Coon breed is the Native American long haired cat. They are distinguished by an uneven shaggy coat,large well tufted paws and a long fluffy tail.

Persian 

Originated in Persia and Iran, Persians are very popular long haired breed.  They are well known for sweet gentle personalities and melodious voices along with broad short bodies and short legs. The Persian cat doesn’t do much jumping or climbing.

Ragdoll 

Ragdoll is a large, laidback, semi long haired cat with a very captivating blue eyes. His body is lighter than the points. (face, legs, tail, ears) Gentle cats that enjoy being with humans.

The Age of the Cat in Relation to Man

The cat and her kittens

The pregnancy lasts about nine weeks, or 65 days but the kittens can also be born a week before or a week after. Those born before 58 days are likely to be stillborn or very weak. It is actually a miscarriage. Those who are born after 71 days are likely to be larger than normal and prone to stillbirth too.
Signs of pregnancy: Rosacea of nipples in the third week of pregnancy, progressive weight gain of one to two kilos according to the number of kittens, swelling of the abdomen (do not tap it to feel the fetus, you could hurt them), changing the behavior (looking more and more maternal) ...
Estimating the date of delivery: when we do not know the date of birth, determining it is not easy. It takes about six weeks after the pinking of the nipples.

The kittens

The birth: when the moment of birth arrives, a mysterious clock triggers a signal in the body of the pussy ordering the glands to produce the hormone necessary for the expulsion of the kittens from the uterus. The average weight of the kittens: At birth, they weigh 70 to 135 g, one month 260 to 520 g, and two months, 400 to 880 g. week after week, kittens grow. After six months, defenseless babies became independent cats. As they grow up, they raise better control of their bodies, discover new skills and begin to hunt and play.
 Feeding kittens: up to the age of three weeks, they feed on breast milk. You can then introduce solid meals while keeping a cup of milk or water at their disposal. At eight weeks, the kitten weaned, it eats like an adult cat.
What you should not do: do not take cats by the skin of the neck, do not give cow's milk to the little ones, do not take the kittens away from their mother before six weeks, do not let them leave before their first vaccinations.

Conclusion

The human race can be summarily divided into two broad categories: those who love cats and those who do not have that chance. Anyway, the cat has always deeply marked the human soul. Fearful or worshiped, beloved or exterminated, it has always, over the centuries, assumed great importance for man.

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